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2021考博英语词汇语法题常考知识点专项练习:过去将来时

2020.09.18 08:45

2021考博英语词汇语法题常考知识点专项练习:过去将来时

  全国各院校考博英语考试题型中词汇语法题也是大多院校所考察的,考博复习冲刺阶段新东方在线考博频道为考生们整理了一系列考博英语词汇语法题常考知识点专项练习供考生们复习参考。希望大家能熟练掌握,考博成功。

 过去将来时的基本特征,也就是我们所谈到的“立足过去,着眼未来”。它表示从过去某一时间来看将要发生的某个动作或存在的某种状态。例如:Mary told me that she would go to Shanghai by plane.那么过去将来时态的构成是什么呢?它都有哪些用法呢?

  基本构成——

  A ) would + 动词原形

  如He asked me if I would stay here. 他问我是否要待在这儿。

  B ) was / were going to + 动词原形

  如No one knew when he was going to finish his homework.

  C ) was/ were ( about ) to + 动词原形

  如:He said that they were to leave at six.

  She said that the meeting was about to begin.

  D) come, go, arrive, leave, die 等瞬时动词,用在过去进行时态中表示过去将来。

  如:She told us that she was leaving for Yunnan.

  基本用法——

  A ) 主句为过去时,宾语从句常表示将要发生的事情。

  如:Nobody knew what would happen after a hundred years.

  We wanted to know whether she was going to speak at the meeting.

  B ) 在叙述过去的事情或事情发生的经过时,用过去将来时表示在当时看将来会发生的事。如:It was a Sunday afternoon. A young woman named Maria had just left school. He was going to

  start to work the next week, so she decided to buy some new clothes and a new pair of shoes.

  C ) 过去将来时还可以用来表示非真实的动作或状态。

  如:If I had a chance to study abroad, I would study at Harvard University.

  I wish he would go with me to the cinema tonight.

  专项练习

  1. Li Ming said he __happy if Brian___to China next month.

  A. as; come B. was; would come

  C. would be; came D. will be; come

  2. Jenny said she _____her holiday in China.

  A. spent B. would spent

  C. was going to spent D. would spend

  3. —What did your son say in the letter?

  —He told me that he ____the Disney World the next day.

  A. will visit B. has visited

  C. is going to visit D. would visit

  4. I hoped Tina ______ to my birthday party on time the next Wednesday.

  A. to come B. is coming C. will come D. was coming

  5. Father said that he ____ me to Beijing the next year.

  A. took B. would take C. takes D. will take

  6. We were not sure whether they ____ more vegetables.

  A. are going to grow B. were going to grow

  C. will grow D. have grown

  7. She ______ to work when the telephone rang.

  A. is going B. will go C. was going D.is to go

  答案:1-7 CDDDBBC


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